Wars of Louis XIV

1640 to 1693
War between France and Holland which embroiled most of the states of Europe, including England, Spain, Sweden and Brandenburg

Noteable Battles

1640  
Battle of Casal (Scanian War ) French victory
Fought April 1640, between the French, 10,000 strong, under Harcourt, and the Spaniards, numbering 20,000, who were besieging Casal. Harcourt pierced the Spanish lines and totally defeated them, with a loss of 3,000 killed and wounded, 800 prisoners, and 18 guns.
  
1654  
Siege of Arras (Swedish Brandenburg ) French victory
This place, held by a French garrison, was besieged August, 1654, by the Spaniards under the Great Condé. On the 24th a relieving army under Turenne attacked the Spanish lines, and totally routed them with a loss of 3,000 men. Condé succeeded in rallying the remainder of his army, and made a masterly retreat to Cambray.
  
1674  
Battle of Seneff (Franco-Dutch ) drawn battle victory
Fought August 11, 1674, between the French, 45,000 strong, under Condé, and the Flemings and Spaniards, 60,000 strong, under the Prince of Orange. Orange, finding Condé's position too strong to attack, began a retreat towards Le Quesnay, thereby exposing his flank. Condé took instant advantage of this error, and dispersed the vanguard of the allies, but the Prince took up a strong position at Seneff, from which Condé was unable to dislodge him, and the conflict ended in a drawn battle, after seventeen hours' hard fighting.
  
1674  
Battle of Sinzheim (Portugal ) French victory
Fought October 4, 1674, between the French, under Turenne, and the Imperialists, under General Caprara and the Duke of Lorraine. The French gained a signal victory. This action is also known as the Battle of Entzheim.
  
1675  
Battle of Rathenow (Swedish Brandenburg ) Prussians victory
Fought June 25, 1675, between the Brandenburgers, 15,000 strong, under the Elector Frederick William, and the Swedes, under Charles XI. The Swedes, wearied by a long march, were surprised by the Elector in their camp, and suffered a serious reverse.
  
1675  
Battle of Fehrbellin (Swedish Brandenburg ) Prussians victory
Fought June 28, 1675, between the Swedes, under Charles XI, and the Brandenburgers, 15,000 strong, under the Elector, Frederick William. The Swedes were totally defeated, and forced to evacuate Brandenburg.
  
1676  
Battle of Lunden (Scanian War ) swedes victory
Fought 1676, between the Swedes, under Charles XI, and the Danes, under Christian V. Both sides claimed the victory, but the advantage rested with the Swedes, for Christian had to fall back upon Copenhagen, while Charles forced the Danes to raise the siege of Malmoe.
  
1676  
Battle of Bornholm (Scanian War ) Danes victory
Fought 1676, between the fleet of Charles XI of Sweden, and a combined Dutch and Danish squadron. The Swedes were utterly routed, a disaster which was followed by the loss of Helsingborg, Landscroon, and other fortresses.
  
1676  
Battle of Entholm (Scanian War ) danes victory
Fought June 11, 1676, between the Danish fleet, under van Tromp, and Swedes. The Swedes were defeated with very heavy loss in ships and men.
  
1676  
Battle of Landskrone (Scanian War ) swedes victory
Fought July 14, 1676, between the Swedes, under Charles XI, and the Danes, under Christian V, in which the Danes suffered a serious defeat.
  
1677  
Battle of Kioge (Scanian War ) Danes victory
Fought July, 1677, between the Danish fleet, under Admiral Juel, and the Swedes, under Admiral Horn. The Swedes suffered a disastrous defeat, losing eleven ships of the line sunk or captured.
  
1677  
Battle of Rostock (south of douai ) Danes victory
Fought June, 1677, between the Danish fleet, under Admiral Juel, and the Swedes, under Admiral Horn. The Swedes were completely defeated.
  
1679  
Battle of Splitter   Prussians victory
Fought January, 1679, between 16,000 Swedes, under Field-Marshal Horn, and 10,000 Brandenburgers, under the Elector Frederick William. The Swedes were utterly routed, Horn being taken prisoner, and not more than 1,500 succeeded in making their way to Riga.
  

Story Links
Book Links
House of Bourbon (cont2)  in  France: Peeps at History  by  John Finnemore
Louis XIV Persecutes the Huguenots  in  The Story of France  by  Mary Macgregor
Philip in the Netherlands  in  The Netherlands  by  Mary Macgregor
Leopold I  in  The History of Germany  by  Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall
Martyr to his Profession  in  Historical Tales: French  by  Charles Morris


Image Links


Louis XIV directing the siege
 in Louis XIV

To-day a man has fallen who did honour to man.'
 in The Story of France