Musa bin Nusair
|TARIQ LAYING HIS CONQUESTS AT THE FEET OF MUSA.|
Musa bin Nusair was the Muslim governor of the province of North Africa at the time of the Moorish
invasion of Hispania. In his younger years he had done much to advance the Moslem cause in Northern
Africa by bringing all of Morroco and Tangiers under Moslem control, resisting the Byzantines
at sea, and taking control of Cyprus and other Mediterranean Islands.
In 710 he was approached by Count Julian, Gothic Governor of an island near the Straight of
Gibralter, who was an enemy of Roderic, the Visigoth king. He asked for Moorish aid in what
was essentially a Visigoth civil war, and Musa immediately saw the opportunity for adding to
his dominion. It was he who directed his general Tariq to invade the country, but he did
not anticipate the speed at which the Gothic kingdom would fall, and was bitterly jealous of
his general's success. Soon after the Moorish victory at the battle of Guadalete, Musa led
another army into Hispania for the purpose of claiming his share of the credit and spoils.
In this effort he was temporarily succesful, and he established his family and retainers
in positions of power in the new realm, most notably his son Abdul-Aziz replaced Tariq
as governor of the new province.
Eventually, however, Musa was called to account for his treachery. Both he and Tariq
presented themselves to the Caliph in Damascus, and Musa was rebuked for his treachery.
He died in disgrace shortly thereafter.
Key events during the life of :
||Birth of Musa
||Appointed Umayyad governor of Ifriqia.
||Completes conquest of Morroco, Tangiers, Cyprus, and Sicily for the Moslems.
||Commissioned Tariq to lead the Moorish invasion of Hispania.
||Gothic Spain is defeated at the Battle of Guadalete.
||Leads an army into Hispania, in hopes of gaining credit for the invasion.
||Musa's sons are appointed governors of conquered Spain.
||Appeared before the Caliph, but is rebuked for his treatment of Tariq.
||Death of Musa, in disgrace.
|Tariq ibn Ziyad
||Berber general who defeated the Visigoths at the Battle of Gaudalete.
||Son of Umayyad governor Musa. Ruled in Andalusia until murdered for marrying Exilona.
||Gothic governor of Cueta, who treacherously delivered his city into the hands of the Moors.
|Al Walid I
||Umayyad Caliph who ruled in Damascus during the Moorish invasion of Hispania.