Maecenas was a close friend of Augustus, and although he did not hold official public offices, he was very influential in government, both domestically, and diplomatically. His reputation was one of exceptional tact and moderation and he aided Augustus greatly in his dealings with rivals and political opponents. The fact that the reputation of Augustus was one of moderation and accommodation was largely due to the influence of Maecenas, who actively discouraged him from carrying out purges or mass executions of his political enemies.
After thirty years of a very close relationship with Augustus, Maecenas eventually fell out of favor, due to some personal intrigues regarding his wife Terentia. He died in 8 B.C., the same year as his lifelong friend Horace.
|Negotiated reconciliation between Antony and Octavius.
|Assisted Octavius in campaign at Philippi.
|Became acquainted with Horace, and Virgil shortly afterward.
|Sent as ambassador for Octavius to work peace treaties with rivals.
|During war with Pompey, Maecenas administered government in absence of Octavius.
|Vicegerent of Octavius during campaign in Actium.
|Greatly influenced the establishment of new order, without holding public office.
|Death of Virgil.
|Fell out of favor with Octavius due to personal considerations.
|Maecenas and His Friends in
|Pictures from Roman Life and Story by Alfred J. Church
|Augustan Age in
|The Story of the Romans by H. A. Guerber
Roman Empire at the Death of Augustus
in Augustus—His Life and Work
In the time of Augustus, Hildensperger
in Famous Men of Rome
|First emperor. Reigned for over fifty years. Established the Imperial system.
|Most trusted general and advisor of Augustus Caesar. Married Augustus's daughter Julia.
|Great epic poet of the Augustan age. Wrote The Aeneid.
|Roman historian. Wrote History of Rome from its Founding.
|Great lyric poet and satirist of the Augustan age.
|Poet whose career was promoted by Maecenas.
|Wife of Maecenas, whose intrigues caused his downfall.