Flora MacDonald was a popular Scottish hero, most famous for her role in helping Prince Charles Edwards to escape from the clutches of the Hanoverians after the failed Jacobite rising of 1745. She was born on an island in the Outer Hebrids. Her father died when she was a child, and her mother was abducted and married by Hugh Macdonald of Armadale. She was brought up under the care of the chief of her clan, Macdonald of Clanranald, and was partly educated in Edinburgh.
In 1750 she married Allen Macdonald of Kingsburgh, and in 1773 they emigrated to America. In the War of Independence he served the British government and was taken prisoner. In 1779 his wife returned home in a merchant ship which was attacked by a privateer. She refused to leave the deck during the action, and was wounded in the arm. She died on the 5th of March 1790. Flora Macdonald had a large family of sons, who mostly entered the army or navy, and two daughters.
— Derived from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Brittanica.
|Birth of Flora MacDonald in Outer Hebrides, Scotland|
|Young pretender lands in Scotland, attempts to raise a Jacobite Rebellion.|
|Jacobites suffer a crushing defeat at Culloden, the young pretender is driven into hiding.|
|Flora is approached by the fugitive prince and offers to help him escape.|
|Flora is arrested for her role in helping the Prince escape, but later released.|
|Flora marries and moves to the American Colonies|
|Flora sides with the British during the war of Independence.|
|Flora returns to Scotland|
|Death of Flora MacDonald|
|Bonnie Prince Charlie in||The Hanoverians by C. J. B. Gaskoin|
|George II—The Story of Flora MacDonald in||Our Island Story by H. E. Marshall|
|George II.—Prince Charles Came Home in||Scotland's Story by Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall|
|Flight of Prince Charles in||Historical Tales: English by Charles Morris|
|Grandson of James II, led Jacobites in bid to restore Stuarts to the throne of England.|