Francis L’Olonnais was a famous French pirate who plundered the Caribbean during the late 1600s. Nicknamed "Bane of the Spaniards," L’Olonnais terrorized Spanish island settlements until his death by cannibals.
In 1667, L’Olonnais left Tortuga to sack Maracaibo. Arriving several weeks later, he attacked the heavily guarded city’s undefended landward side and pillaged its homes, but he soon found that the citizens had fled and hidden their treasure. The pirate tracked down the residents and tortured them until they revealed the location of their gold, resorting to such techniques as burning them alive or slicing off portions of their flesh. After spending two months in Maracaibo, L’Olonnais moved south to Gibraltar, where he ransacked the city even after being paid a ransom. On a later expedition of similar nature, he was ambushed by Spanish forces but managed a narrow escape. After surviving the attack, however, he met his end when his ship ran aground on the Panamanian coast and he was eaten by the resident natives.
|Born in France|
|Came to the Caribbean as an indentured servant|
|Moved to Saint-Dominigue and became a buccaneer|
|Shipwrecked and left for dead by Spanish, sailed to Tortuga and held the city ransom|
|Left Tortuga to sack Maracaibo|
|Pillaged Puerto Cabello|
|Ambushed by Spanish but escaped|
|Eaten by natives in Panama|
|The Origin of Francis Lolonois in||The Buccaneers of America by John Esquemeling|
|Story of L'Olonnois the Cruel in||Buccaneers and Pirates of Our Coasts by Frank R. Stockton|
|Nobleman who became a pirate, then returned to Europe and penned a famous book on the subject.|
|Famous South American Pirate of the Caribbean during the mid-17th century.|
|English privateer who became one of the most notorious pirates of the Spanish Main.|