Cassander was the eldest son of Antipater, whom Alexander the Great had left in charge of Macedon while he campaigned to conquer Persia. During his long career in Macedon, Antipater had been always at loggerheads with Olympias, the domineering mother of Alexander, so there existed in Macedonia two long feuding rivals factions. There were several potential legal heirs to the Macedonian throne, including Arrhidaeus, a retarded brother of Alexander, Heracles, an illegitimate son of Alexander, and Alexander IV, the son of Alexander's Roxana, who was not even born at the death of Alexander. None were fit to rule the kingdom, so control of the hapless royal family was a point of constant contention between the warring factions. After the death of Antipater, Cassander became the head of the anti-Olympias party, and Polyperchon, who succeeded Antipater as 'regent' allied himself with Olympias.
The sons of Cassander were unable to hold the empire together after his death. One of them was murdered by Demetrius, and the Antigonids seized the throne of Macedonia.
—Adapted from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica.
|On the death of his father Antipater, declares war on his father's successor Polyperchon.|
|Polyperchon flees from Macedon, but takes the heirs of Alexander with him.|
|Cassander's allies in Macedonia, including King Arrhidaeus, are murdered by Olympias,|
|Cassander marches on Olympias in Epirus and slays her.|
|Allies with Ptolemy I., Lysimachus, and Seleucus against Antigonus I.|
|Murders Alexander IV, the only remaining living heir to Alexander's kingdom.|
|Demetrius, son of Antigonus, sails to Greece to 'liberate' it from Cassander's rule.|
|Undisputed ruler of Greece after the battle of Ipsus.|
|Dies, leaving two sons to rule Macedonia.|
|Macedonia falls into the hands of the Demetrius, and the Antigonid dynasty,|
|Cassander in||Pyrrhus by Jacob Abbott|
|Last of the Athenians in||The Story of the Greeks by H. A. Guerber|
|Colossus of Rhodes in||The Story of the Greeks by H. A. Guerber|
|One of Alexander's Generals. Allied with Craterus and Antipater. Fought Cassander for control of Macedonia.|
|Wife of Philip of Macedon. Alexander's mother. Quarreled with Antipater over charge of Macedonia.|
|Son of Antigonus, active in the wars of the Diadochi.|
|Retarded brother of Alexander, and nominal 'king' of his Empire.|
|Bodyguard of Alexander. Took control of Thrace on his death. Engaged in Wars of Diadochi.|
|General of Alexander, founded Egyptian Dynasty that lasted for 300 years.|