Not to be a liberal at 20 is proof of want of heart; to be one at 30 is proof of want of head. — Francois Guizot

Camillus

(Marcus Furius Camillus)

446–365 BC
Civilization: Roman — Rome
   Field of Renown:  military — Dictator
Era:  Early Republic

Camillus
THE SCHOOL TEACHER PUNISHED
Camillus was one of the most important heroes of early Rome. As a long serving general, he reorganized the army into the original legion formation. He led the army on many campaigns, including the capture of Veii, a long-standing enemy of Rome, and against the Gauls. When the Gauls sacked Rome in 390 B.C., he drove away their army and encouraged the city to rebuild. He was called out of retirement many times, made dictator on four occasions, and was honored with the title Second Founder of Rome.


Key events during the life of Camillus:


Year
Event
403 BC
Elected censor for first time. The siege of Veii begins.
396 BC
Capture of Veii.
  Siege of Falerii; return of traitorous schoolmaster.
394 BC
First triumph of Camillus.
391 BC
Voluntary exile after being accused of keeping spoils of Veii.
390 BC
Gauls sack Rome; Camillus called back to resist Brennen.
367 BC
Led army against Gauls at age 79.
365 BC
Died of plague at 81.

Other Resources


Story Links
Book Links
Day of Allia  in  Helmet and Spear  by  Alfred J. Church
Veii  in  Stories From Livy  by  Alfred J. Church
Great Disaster  in  Stories from Ancient Rome  by  Alfred J. Church
Second Founder of Rome  in  Tales of the Romans: The Children's Plutarch  by  F. J. Gould
School-Teacher Punished  in  The Story of the Romans  by  H. A. Guerber
Camillus  in  Famous Men of Rome  by  John H. Haaren & A. B. Poland
Camillus  in  Our Young Folks' Plutarch  by  Rosalie Kaufman
Camillus Captures the City of Veii  in  The Story of Rome  by  Mary Macgregor
City Is Rebuilt  in  The Story of Rome  by  Mary Macgregor
Battle on the Banks of the Anio  in  The Story of Rome  by  Mary Macgregor
Camillus at the Siege of Veii  in  Historical Tales: Roman  by  Charles Morris
Gauls at Rome  in  Historical Tales: Roman  by  Charles Morris
Back to Rome Again  in  On the Shores of the Great Sea  by  M. B. Synge


Image Links


The School-Teacher Punished
 in The Story of the Romans

Camillus
 in Famous Men of Rome


Contemporary
Short Biography
Brennus Leader of the Gauls who sacked Rome in 390 B.C.
Marcus Manlius Defended the capitol from the Gauls.