~ 521 BC
Atossa was the daughter of Cyrus the Great, founder of the Persian Empire, the wife of both Cambyses and Darius,
and the mother of Xerxes. As such, she was an influential person in the Imperial court throughout her life.
There is some debate about how long she lived.
Key events during the life of Atossa:
||Atossa married Cambyses, her half-brother.
||Married Smerdis the Magi when he usurped the throne.
||Married Darius when he was raised to the throne.
||Birth of Xerxes.
||Helped Democedes, a Greek physician, organize an expedition to Greece.
||Eldest son of Cyrus. Invaded Egypt, killed brother, then died.
|Smerdis the Magi
||Impersonated Smerdis, son of Cyrus and stole the throne of Persia.
|Darius the Great
||With six conspirators seized the throne of Persia, primarily through craft rather than force.
||Raised an enormous army for Persian invasion of Greece. Defeated at Battle of Salamis.
||Greek physician, valuable slave of Darius. Schemed and plotted to return to Greece.