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Servius Tullius

Civilization:Roman: Rome
Era: Kingdom
died 535 BCField of Renown:monarch: King
Servius
 Tullia driving over her father's body in a chariot

Servius Tullius was the son of a slave. He was adopted by Tarquin the Elder, and married his daughter. When the elder Tarquin was assassinated, Servius contrived with his mother-in-law Tanaquil to secure the throne. He was a competent king who reorganized the army and divided the citizens into classes. He increased the size of the city, and completed building the Servian Wall. He favored the rights of the poor over the rich, and thereby became unpopular with the patrician class. He was finally murdered by his daughter and son-in-law.


Key events during the life of Servius

Year Event
  Servius marries the daughter of Tarquin the Elder.
579 BC Gained the throne when Tarquin was murdered through the contrivance of his mother-in-law.
  Gained a victory over Veii.
  Instituted the census, and divided citizens into five classes for tax purposes.
  Completed the Servian Wall.
  Tarquin Superbus attempts to usurp the throne.
535 BC Servius is murdered by his daughter and son-in-law.

 

Story LinksBook Links
Servius  in  Stories From Livy  by  Church
Ungrateful Children  in  Story of the Romans  by  Guerber
Tarquins  in  Famous Men of Rome  by  Haaren
Slave Becomes a King  in  Story of Rome  by  Macgregor
Dynasty of the Tarquins  in  Historical Tales: 11—Roman  by  Morris

Image Links
Tullia driving over the body of her father in Stories From Livy Tullia driving over her father's body, Zick  in Famous Men of Rome Tullia Driving over her Father's Body (From a fragmental Bas-relief)  in Greatest Nations: Rome


Contemporary Short Biography
Lucius Tarquinius Cruel and violent son of Tarquin the Elder.
Aruns Tarquinius Gentle and quiet son of Tarquin the Elder.
Tullia Helped her husband Tarquin Superbus murder her father Sevius Tullus, and seize the throne of Rome.