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Saint Jerome

(Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus)

340–420
Civilization: Christian — Dalmatia
   Field of Renown:  saint — Author
Era:  Antiquity

St. Jerome
SAINT JEROME
Saint Jerome is most well known for his translation of the Hebrew and Greek Bibles into Latin. His completed work, known as the Vulgate is still today the official version of the Bible of the Roman Catholic Church. He was born on the Balkan Peninsula to Christian parents. He studied in Rome, but returned to the east and in 374 A.D. experienced a vision, which caused him to flee to the desert and live as a monk. During this time he learned Hebrew, already being fluent in Greek and Latin. After his ordination in 379 he worked for Pope Damasus I as a secretary, and it was in this position that the Pope suggested that he translate the existing scriptures to Latin. After the death of Damasus he retired to a monastery in Bethlehem, and there he completed his great work. He was a prolific writer who also wrote commentaries, homilies, and theological works, and debated other theologians of his time, including Saint Augustine. He is often associate with St. Paula, an early nun, who befriended him and supported his work at the monastery in Bethlehem.


Key events during the life of Jerome:


Year
Event
374
Experienced a vision which called him to the monastic life.
  Mastered Hebrew language.
379
Ordained as a priest. Accompanied Gregory to Rome and worked for Pope Damasus I.
382
At the insistence of Pope Damasus, began work on new testament translation.
384
Death of Damasus I.
385
Traveled to the Holy lands with St. Paula and Eustochium.
388
Returned to Palestine after years of travel.
390
Began work on translation of Old Testament.
405
Completed translation of Old Testament.
  Wrote extensive commentaries and exchanged letters with other contemporary theologians.
420
Died in Bethlehem.

Other Resources


Story Links
Book Links
Jerome and the Lion  in  Old Time Tales  by  Lawton Evans
Monasticism in the West  in  The Early Church  by  George Hodges
Jerome, 340-420  in  Saints and Heroes - I  by  George Hodges
Saint with the Lion  in  Book of Saints and Heroes  by  Andrew Lang


Image Links


St. Jerome
 in Saints and Heroes - I

The lion refuses to depart.
 in Book of Saints and Heroes


Contemporary
Short Biography
St. Paula Wealthy Roman matron who befriended Jerome, and gave her money to the church.
Saint Augustine Greatest Christian theologian of the Middle Ages. Wrote Confessions and City of God.
Damasus I Pope who encouraged Jerome to translate the Bible to Latin.
Rufinus Monk and historian. Friend of Jerome. He translated Origen's works into Latin.
St. Gregory Nazianzen Teacher and associate of Jerome.